How to do an exam to detect vaginal cancer. Vaginal cancer can sometimes be detected during a routine pelvic exam, that is before the signs and symptoms are evident.
During the pelvic exam, only the doctor can carefully inspect the external genitalia and then insert 2 fingers of one hand into the vagina and, at the same time, press the abdomen with your other hand to feel the uterus and ovaries.
Next, the doctor inserts a device called a speculum into the vagina. What function do you have the speculum? The speculum opens the vaginal canal so the doctor can very carefully impress the vagina and cervix for abnormalities.
Tests to diagnose vaginal cancer
Only the doctor is able to perform a pelvic exam and a Pap test to detect abnormalities that indicate the likelihood of vaginal cancer. Through the finding, the doctor can perform other types of procedures to determine if the woman has vaginal cancer, for example, the following:
Inspecting the vagina with a magnifying glass: Colposcopy is a type of examination of the vagina, which is done with a special instrument, it has a light and a magnifying glass, called a colposcope. Colposcopy helps the doctor view the surface of the vagina in an enlarged way to detect any area of abnormal cells.
Extract a sample of vaginal tissue to analyze it: To detect vaginal cancer, a biopsy is performed, this is a procedure that is done to extract a small sample of the suspicious tissue and thus detect cancer cells. Only the doctor is able to take a tissue biopsy during a colposcopy. However, the doctor sends the tissue sample to a laboratory for analysis.
Diagnostic tests by images.
Tiny cameras to see inside the body.
Later, the doctor can determine the extent of cancer, assign a study. The stages of vaginal cancer are the following:
- Stage IVB. Cancer spread to distant parts of the vagina, like a liver.
- Stadium l. Cancer is limited to the wall of the vagina.
- Stage II: Likewise, this cancer also spread to tissues near the vagina.
- Stage III. The cancer spread to other areas of the pelvis.
- Stadium IVA. The cancer has spread to nearby parts, such as the bladder or rectum.
- Treatment for vaginal cancer
Treatment for vaginal cancer
- ¿What treatment is good for vaginal cancer? There are many ways to treat vaginal cancer, yes, depending on several factors, such as the type of vaginal cancer that the woman has and the stage in which she is. Only you and your doctor work together to find out what are the best treatments for you according to the goals of your treatment and the side effects that you are later to endure.
- Below, we tell you the best treatments for vaginal cancer usually includes surgery and radiation.
Here I show you the types of surgery you can use to treat vaginal cancer include the following:
- Removal of tumors or small lesions: You must take into account that cancer that is limited to the surface of the vagina can be removed, along with a small margin of healthy surrounding tissue to make sure to eliminate all cancer cells.
- Removal of the vagina (vaginectomy). In some cases, it is necessary to remove part of the vagina (partial vaginectomy) or sometimes the entire organ (radical vaginectomy) to remove all cancer cells.
Removal of most pelvic organs (pelvic exenteration).